Understanding the Prostate
The prostate is a walnut-sized gland located between the bladder and the penis. The prostate is just in front of the rectum. The urethra runs through the center of the prostate, from the bladder to the penis, letting urine flow out of the body. Buy Cenforce 200 mg, Fildena, Vidalista 40, Tadalista, kamagra oral jelly and Aurogra @ Low Price Shipping USA, UK, Canada & all over the world.
The prostate secretes fluid that nourishes and protects sperm. During ejaculation, the prostate squeezes this fluid into the urethra, and it’s expelled with sperm as semen.
The vasa Deferentia (singular: vas deferens) bring sperm from the testes to the seminal vesicles. The seminal vesicles contribute fluid to semen during ejaculation.
Prostatitis: Inflammation of the prostate, sometimes caused by infection. It is typically treated with antibiotics.
Enlarged prostate: Called benign prostatic hypertrophy or BPH, prostate growth affects virtually all men over 50. Symptoms of difficult urination tend to increase with age. Medicines or surgery can treat BPH.
Prostate cancer: It’s the most common form of cancer in men (besides skin cancer), but only one in 41 men die from prostate cancer.
Digital rectal examination (DRE): A doctor inserts a lubricated, gloved finger into the rectum and feels the prostate. A DRE can sometimes detect an enlarged prostate, lumps or nodules of prostate cancer, or tenderness from prostatitis.
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA): The prostate makes a protein called PSA, which can be measured by a blood test. If PSA is high, prostate cancer is more likely, but an enlarged prostate can also cause a high PSA. Recommendations about whether or not a man should be screened and at what age differ. Talk with your doctor about whether you need testing and the potential benefits and risks.
Prostate ultrasound (transrectal ultrasound): An ultrasound probe is inserted into the rectum, bringing it close to the prostate. 7 Ingenious Ways You Can Do with Bladder Prostate Ultrasound is often done with a biopsy to test for prostate cancer.
Enlarged Prostate Treatment
Alpha-blockers: Alpha-blockers relax the muscles around the urethra in men with symptoms from an enlarged prostate. Urine then flows more freely.
5-alpha-reductase inhibitors: These medications reduce the level of a certain form of testosterone (DHT). The prostate shrinks when less DHT is present, improving urine flow.
Surgery for an enlarged prostate: Usually, medications resolve symptoms of an enlarged prostate, but some men require surgery to improve symptoms and prevent complications.
Prostate Cancer Treatment
Prostatectomy: Surgery for prostate cancer, called a prostatectomy, removes the prostate with the goal of removing all the cancer.
Radiation therapy: Radiation kills prostate cancer cells while minimizing damage to healthy cells.
Radioactive seed implants: Instead of radiation pointed at the prostate from outside the body, radioactive seeds can be implanted into the prostate to kill cancer cells.
Cryotherapy: Cryotherapy involves killing prostate cancer cells by freezing them.
Hormone therapy: Prostate cancer cells grow in response to hormones. Hormone therapy helps block that effect.
Watchful waiting: Since prostate cancer is often slow-growing, some older men and their doctors hold off on treatment and wait to see if the cancer appears to be growing.
Clinical trials: Through prostate cancer clinical trials, researchers test the effects of new medications on a group of volunteers with prostate cancer.
Can I Prevent Prostatitis?
Prostatitis is a condition that causes your prostate gland to become swollen, tender, and inflamed. It can be quite painful, especially when you pee or ejaculate (release semen during an orgasm). The most common locations of pain were the perineum (the area between the anus and the scrotum), testes (58 percent), suprapubic area (Between the public area and belly button), and penis.
Doctors aren’t always sure what causes prostatitis. Common causes vary depending on whether it is acute vs. chronic and/or infectious vs inflammation. Sometimes, an infection in your urinary tract is to blame. Other times, it’s due to an injury or nerve damage. In many cases, doctors never find the cause.
Because of that, treatment for prostatitis can be a challenge. For some men, it can take months — or even years — to recover.
Tips for Prostate Health
There’s no sure way to prevent getting this condition, but many small lifestyle changes can help keep your prostate gland healthy. They may also help to lower your risk of prostatitis. If you already have problems with your prostate, try these tips to ease your symptoms and keep your issue from getting worse.
Have good hygiene. Keep your penis and the area around it clean to prevent infection.
Stand up when possible. When you sit for long periods, it puts pressure on your prostate gland and inflames it over time. Try to avoid long bike rides and sitting down for too long.
Get moving. Make time to exercise at least three times a week. Take a brisk walk around the park, stretch, hit the gym for a cardio class — just get moving. Men who have an inflamed prostate also report that working out relieves their symptoms.
Hydrate. Be sure to stay hydrated to keep your urine dilute and your bladder flushed out. If you have a pre-existing medical condition like chronic kidney disease or congestive heart failure, ask your doctor about any special precautions you should take.
Eat more fruits and veggies. They’re high in nutrients that can keep your body healthy and help you fight off infections and inflammation.
Order your food on the mild side. There’s no research that proves eating certain foods can prevent prostatitis. But spicy foods, hot peppers, and chili can all bother your bladder and make prostatitis symptoms worse.
Limit your caffeine and alcohol. Drinks like tea, coffee, and soda can inflame your urinary tract and bladder. So can alcoholic beverages.
Maintain a healthy weight. Being overweight isn’t good for your prostate. Try to lose unwanted pounds by eating a healthy diet, being active, and getting enough sleep.